The Limit of Freedom

Hedonism is a concept that has always fascinated me, in simple terms, hedonism means pleasure seeking. To the hedonists, pleasure or happiness has the highest value which shall be maximised against pain. Essentially, hedonists are individualist utilitarians who focuses on the self rather than a collective. So is there limit of pleasure seeking? In Objectivist terms […]

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Review: Bioshock’s Objectivism

Bioshock is a video game franchise created by Ken Levine, the basis of the first game is based on Objectivism being applied in an underwater city called rapture. Intended to be an utopia of the producers, certain (non-objectivist) conditions made it less habitable than expected. When the discovery of genetic altering material ADAM occured (with […]

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Review: Anarchy, State and Utopia- An Anarchist Defence of Minarchism

Anarchy, State and Utopia was American philosopher Robert Nozick’s magnus opus and as a response to John Rawls’ Kantian magnus opus, A Theory of Justice (which we will get into more details of). The book is divided into 3 parts, Anarchy, State and Utopia. In Anarchy, Nozick discussed the Lockean state of nature that individual rights […]

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Barbarians in the 21st Century

What is evolution? Evolution is the gradual accumulation of improvement to an end point, it is not to be confused with Revolution which means a recurring change. Evolution can occur both biologically and culturally.Theoretically speaking, evolution only occur if organisms can improve their adaptability to enhance their survival, thus our biology and culture would both lead […]

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